Dear OJ, “Give Us This Day Our Daily CASSAVA Bread”

Note: Dida Halake once wrote: “SWEET CASSAVA. This plant provides lots of carbohydrates and is drought resistant. IF EAST AFRICA HAD PLANTED CASSAVA EVERYWHERE THEY WOULD NOT BE STARVING TODAY. Cassava feeds West Africa. Let us plant Cassava everywhere – even on the beach! That would be my agricultural policy”!

Cassava Bread: Skyrocketing Wheat Price Rekindles Debate On Cassava Bread Initiative


THE price of wheat has gone up and is affecting the price of bread in many parts of the country, where the staple food is going out of reach of the common man. The wheat price increase has been attributed to the free fall of the naira against the dollar, as the wheat component of bread is imported.

But some Nigerians believe the country ought to have been less dependent on wheat, if the Cassava bread initiative had been carefully implemented. The increasing price of bread is becoming unbearable in parts of the country according to reports.

The Public Relations Officer of the association, Kabiru Hassan Abdullahi, said although bakers in the state are already using cassava as a component of bread, there is need to increase its percentage from the current five. In the alternative, he said there is need for full adoption of Cassava initiative since it can be produced locally.

Nigeria is the largest producer of cassava in the world and so, we have comparative advantage over every other country. Why can’t we use what we have?  If you look at this year’s budget for instance, you cannot find anything on cassava policy

“We need to have a situation, where we can have like 10 or 15 percent of cassava component in bread baking for a complete departure from whole wheat bread. This paradigm shift can actually help government earn more revenue,” he said.

The president, National Association of Nigeria Traders, Barrister Ken Ukaoha, who reacted to the rising cost of wheat in Abuja, said the challenges facing the bread sub-sector would not bode well for the country, if nothing were done to urgently arrest the situation, especially as the new administration made no reference to the cassava policy in the 2016 appropriation.

“The bread sub-sector is faced with very serious and daunting challenges. The sharp increase in forex is a big issue because more than 90 percent of the bread produced in this country is made from wheat, which is imported. The cassava bread initiative is a policy wrapped around local content in terms of the percentage of wheat and cassava flours that should be combined to make bread.

“We noticed back then that with the 20 percent cassava and 80 percent wheat, the bread was really better and more than 87 percent of Nigerians were actually asking for it. We discovered that 67 percent of Nigerians were sure that cassava bread was better than wheat bread,” he said.

On the claims in some quarters that millers do not want to accept cassava processed by local processors, Ukaoha said there are some varieties of cassava that actually reduce the shelf life of bread, such that bread baked with them get bad within two days.

He, however, said there are other varieties that are good and had been proven to be best in making cassava flour. “So, we agreed then that we should identify the ones that are good and look at their usefulness. And that was why we arrived at the varieties that were used then. Since the last administration, nothing had been heard about the cassava initiative and nothing is on ground to carry it on.

“Nigeria is the largest producer of cassava in the world and so, we have comparative advantage over every other country. Why can’t we use what we have?  If you look at this year’s budget for instance, you cannot find anything on cassava policy. You can’t find any mention of cassava initiative, yet we complain that lots of forex is being wasted on unnecessary import. How does government intend to drive the policy, when no reference was made to it in the budget? Are we saying that the initiative has died with the last administration? It means we are back to square one, as far as I’m concerned.”

Then secretary of National Cassava Processors and Marketers Association, Mr. Femi Salami, told The Guardian that the seeming failure of the cassava bread initiative is indicative of the fact that government and its agencies have failed to fulfill their part of the pact entered with stakeholders in the bread business.

He said processors of high quality cassava flour, which is meant to be added to wheat at the ratio of 20:80 percent by millers, are not getting the assistance they were promised.

“Countries all over the world have one thing or the other to do with wheat. The sad thing is that the wheat being imported in Nigeria and other developing countries is third grade. Just like what happens with the importation of rice, Nigeria takes whatever it gets because we cannot look inward and make things work here.

“By virtue of the imported low quality wheat, there is need to produce composite flour that would boost its nutritional value, hence the introduction of high quality cassava flour. It is not only cassava that can be used for this purpose, we can also use yam, rice, potatoes and such carbohydrates, but because Nigeria has comparative advantage in cassava, that was why we settled for it.

“The cassava initiative launched in 2013 was based on four things: all cassava flour will be picked by flour mills; the price will always be at a guaranteed level and government will subsidise it; that we would be growing cassava specifically targeted at producing high quality cassava flour that would be used in the production of bread.

He said HoneyWell and Golden Penny, which are the major players in the industry, are currently adding 10 percent of high quality cassava flour to wheat and have advised bakers to add the remaining 10 percent to make the added quantity of 20 percent.
He regretted that the bakers couldn’t do that, as they lacked proper equipment to enhance their product.

He explained that the composite flour with 20 percent high quality cassava yields better output and guarantees profitability apart from its nutritional value.

“The initiative came to stay, but it is unfortunate that we are not even sure what the cassava component is in wheat for now. If the improver is there, it will be more profitable than using the whole wheat flour because whole wheat flour is N10, 500, but the multipurpose flour with 10 percent inclusion of cassava goes for N7, 800.

“The yield is not the same thing too. For whole wheat, you cut 90 grams and get 60 loaves but the composite range yields 68 loaves of 90 grams. That is why we are saying cassava bread is a type of national development and if Federal Government knows that, they should finance the policy well. It will help our economy and reduce unemployment, especially now that Nigerians have accepted bread as a staple food and not snacks as was the case before.”

He explained that the increase in bread price has become imperative because the price of flour has increased three times in 2016 alone, and that his association had to advise its members to increase their prices by 20 percent.


Why is Africa importing $35bn in food annually? – AfDB boss asks

President of the African Development Bank (AfDB), Akinwumi Adesina, says his outfit has achieved major milestones in this year alone but a lot more needed to be done to improve the continent’s economic fortunes.

Top of the AfDB’s proposals on how to ‘fast-track’ Africa’s economic potential is to improve the power sector and to turn to agriculture.

The AfDB believes that the continent must break the food import chain and aim for self-sufficiency in food production within the shortest possible time.

Africa’s annual food import bill of $35 billion, estimated to rise to $110 billion by 2025, weakens African economies, decimates its agriculture and exports jobs from the continent.

Adesina, a former Nigerian Agric Minister, was speaking at the Center for Global Development event held in Washington DC. He lamented the negative effects that huge food imports had on the continent.

‘‘Africa’s annual food import bill of $35 billion, estimated to rise to $110 billion by 2025, weakens African economies, decimates its agriculture and exports jobs from the continent. Africa’s annual food import bill of $35 billion is just about the same amount it needs to close its power deficit.

‘‘To rapidly support Africa to diversify its economies, and revive its rural areas, we have prioritized agriculture. We are taking action. The Bank has committed $24 billion towards agriculture in the next 10 years, with a sharp focus on food self-sufficiency and agricultural industrialization,’‘ he added.

Adesina also touched on recent drought and famine facing some countries (South Sudan, Somalia, Nigeria, Kenya, Ethiopia and Uganda). He said the situation called for swift action, as 20 million face food insecurity and severe malnutrition.

‘‘The Bank is taking action and is planning to deploy $1.1 billion, following Board approval, to address the crisis and ensure that drought does not lead to famine,’‘ he further disclosed.


EU, AAITG Hand-over D2M Garden Project to Kumbaney Community

April 21, 2017

The European Union (EU) in partnership with Action Aid International The Gambia (AAITG) on Wednesday handed over D2 million garden project to the community of Kumbaney in Niamina West District of the Central River Region south, at a ceremony held at the new garden premises.

Speaking at the handing over ceremony, the director of Action Aid International The Gambia, Omar Badjie commended EU for funding the Kumbaney women’s garden project to the tune of D2million.

According to Badjie, the project is part of the ‘EU project on Promoting Women’s Socio-economic Rights’ thus he called on the community of Kumbaney to work with Agricultural officials in the region for the successful implementation the project.

“We bring this garden project to your community with the hope that you will be able to manage the project and what you should do is to open an account for the project for its sustainability,” Badjie urged Kumbaney community.

He advised the community to take good care of the project so that other communities within the country could benefit from similar project.

Speaking earlier, the chief of Niamina West, Nganyi Dampha expressed his profound gratitude and appreciation to EU and AAITG for funding the project for the community of Kumbaney.

Chief Dampha urged Kumbaney community not to fail EU, AAITG and others because three communities were assessed for the project in the district but it was Kumbaney community who were lucky to get the project.

‘This is why I said don’t fail EU and others because you were given the project based on your commitment towards the improvement of your own livelihood,’ chief Dampha said.

He urged the community of Kumbaney, especially the women gardeners not to plant any tree inside the garden adding that the project is not meant for orchard purposes.

For his part, the project coordinator at AAITG, Pansaw Nyassi informed Kumbaney community that the garden project was measured at 2 hectares, with 2 new toilets, 8 concrete line wells and a waiting shed.

“This garden project can also occupy 780 standard beds. The project is all about empowering women and some women in other communities in Niamina West are involved in tie and dye while others are into poultry business,” Nyassi informed Kumbaney community.

Various speakers at the ceremony like: Landing Saidyleigh agric officer Sapu, Kebba Sawaneh alkalo Kumbaney village and Madam Boto Camara of Kumbaney both thanked EU and AAITG for their timely intervention.